About the Project
Marcellus shale gas-drilling site along PA Route 87
Lycoming County, 2012 (Source: Nicholas A. Tonelli)
Debate on natural gas extraction by hydraulic fracturing (“fracking”) of shale rock formations center on arguments about energy, the economy, and the environment. There has been considerably less attention paid to the societal and social impacts of hydraulic fracturing, including impacts on tourism, patterns of housing development, crime, social services usage, road quality, and urban planning and population issues.
What We Found
This catalogue contains over 1,200 sources, making it the most comprehensive bibliography on natural gas extraction by hydraulic fracturing. Although the focus of this project is on the Marcellus and Utica shales, we included sources about hydraulic fracturing and other natural gas shale plays more generally..
Newspaper sources were excluded from our review of the literature, however, we have compiled a list of newspaper series on the topic.
We found that the bulk of the literature on the impacts of Marcellus and Utica shale gas drilling discuss public health, environmental concerns, economic impacts, and politics and regulation. We found relatively few sources examining particular social impacts, such as housing or roads. By revealing what sources are available, this bibliography identifies gaps in the literature and issues for future study.
Anna Kasunic and Collin Siu developed this project under the direction of Robert P. Strauss, Professor of Economics and Public Policy at the H. John Heinz III College, and Dr. Afeworki Paulos, Social Sciences Librarian and adjunct faculty member at the School of Social and Decision Sciences at Carnegie Mellon University. Edward J. Knittel and Jeffrey Heishman of the Pennsylvania State Association of Boroughs provided valuable feedback throughout its development.